It is wrong to assume that the federal government needs to have a balanced budget every year. Most times there is always a budget deficit. This means that having a balanced budget proves that the government is ignoring the economic theory and lessons from past history. When best practices in budget balancing are not respected, the consequences are described in one simple phrase: “Balanced Budget Amendment”.
The Balanced Budget Amendment is a constitutional rule which requires that the state does not spend more than its income. Therefore, best practices require that the government maintains a balance between the project receipts and the expenditures.
A Balanced Budget Amendment can be a bad turn-out for the government. Usually, when a government goes for the Balanced Budget Amendment, it means the government has failed in maintaining best practices with their balanced budget for the fiscal year. Nevertheless, there are both pros and cons of Balanced Budget Amendment.
A Balanced Budget Amendment is not advisable for any government unless the system is designed very well to sustain the amendment. A good system requires law makers to consider the fiscal consequences of their decisions and correct them.
When a government fails to maintain best practices in budget balancing, it slashes its spending. This hurts the economy, increases taxes, increases unemployment and loses a lot of money in form of debt. The federal government borrows money in order to make up the difference, and to mitigate the consequences of the failure in best practices to ensure a balanced budget.
When best practices in budget balancing are not respected the credit rating of the currency drops. This means the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is going down the drains. The contributing factors to this situation include failure in best practices in the following ways:
Therefore, it is important for governments to ensure compliance with best practices to maintain a good budget balance, even though it is quite impossible. At least, respecting the best practices will prevent a Balanced Budget Amendment which has worse consequences for the government and the country.